India, officially the Republic of India (Hindi: भारत गणराज्य), is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, and the second-most populous country in the world.
Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the west, and the Bay of Bengal on the east, India has a coastline of 7,517 kilometres (4,700 mi). It is bordered by Pakistan to the west; People's Republic of China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north; and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east. India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka, the Maldives, and Indonesia in the Indian Ocean.
India is a republic consisting of 28 states and seven union territories with a parliamentary system of democracy. It is one of few democracies in Asia.
|1. Andhra Pradesh||15. Maharashtra|
|2. Arunachal Pradesh||16. Manipur|
|3. Assam||17. Meghalaya|
|4. Bihar||18. Mizoram|
|5. Chhattisgarh||19. Nagaland|
|6. Goa||20. Orissa|
|7. Gujarat||21. Punjab|
|8. Haryana||22. Rajasthan|
|9. Himachal Pradesh||23. Sikkim|
|10. Jammu and Kashmir||24. Tamil Nadu|
|11. Jharkhand||25. Tripura|
|12. Karnataka||26. Uttar Pradesh|
|13. Kerala||27. Uttarakhand|
|14. Madhya Pradesh||28. West Bengal|
|A. Andaman and Nicobar Islands|
|C. Dadra and Nagar Haveli|
|D. Daman and Diu|
|F. National Capital Territory of Delhi|
The world's twelfth largest economy at market exchange rates, and the fourth largest in purchasing power. India is one of the fastest growing economies after its economic reforms since 1991. However, it still suffers from high levels of poverty, illiteracy, disease, and malnutrition.
A pluralistic, multilingual, and multiethnic society, India is also home to a diversity of wildlife in a variety of protected habitats.
source: india.gov.in, wikipedia