The Republic of India

Horizontal tricolour flag (deep saffron, white, and green). In the center of the white is a navy blue wheel with 24 spokes.

India, officially the Republic of India (Hindi: भारत गणराज्य), is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, and the second-most populous country in the world.

Image of globe centered on India, with India highlighted.

Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the west, and the Bay of Bengal on the east, India has a coastline of 7,517 kilometres (4,700 mi). It is bordered by Pakistan to the west; People's Republic of China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north; and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east. India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka, the Maldives, and Indonesia in the Indian Ocean.

Map of India showing its subdivision into states and territories.

India is a republic consisting of 28 states and seven union territories with a parliamentary system of democracy. It is one of few democracies in Asia.

1. Andhra Pradesh 15. Maharashtra
2. Arunachal Pradesh 16. Manipur
3. Assam 17. Meghalaya
4. Bihar 18. Mizoram
5. Chhattisgarh 19. Nagaland
6. Goa 20. Orissa
7. Gujarat 21. Punjab
8. Haryana 22. Rajasthan
9. Himachal Pradesh 23. Sikkim
10. Jammu and Kashmir 24. Tamil Nadu
11. Jharkhand 25. Tripura
12. Karnataka 26. Uttar Pradesh
13. Kerala 27. Uttarakhand
14. Madhya Pradesh 28. West Bengal

Union Territories:

A. Andaman and Nicobar Islands
B. Chandigarh
C. Dadra and Nagar Haveli
D. Daman and Diu
E. Lakshadweep
F. National Capital Territory of Delhi
G. Puducherry

The world's twelfth largest economy at market exchange rates, and the fourth largest in purchasing power. India is one of the fastest growing economies after its economic reforms since 1991. However, it still suffers from high levels of poverty, illiteracy, disease, and malnutrition.

A pluralistic, multilingual, and multiethnic society, India is also home to a diversity of wildlife in a variety of protected habitats.

source:, wikipedia