Bordeaux in Your Glasses

Amazing not, Bordeaux alone has got 60 appellations.

More than 9,000 wine-producing châteaux and 13,000 wine growers, Bordeaux is one of the most important wine-producing regions in the world, which produces one third of French wines of good quality.


photo credit: www.nicks.com.au
This map was originally published online at www.nicks.com.au
(60 Appellations in Bordeaux)


At the moment, these 60 appellations are grouped under 6 families by their styles.

1. Bordeaux & Bordeaux Superieur (4)
- Mostly made from Merlot-based blends. They show bright color, a clean deep, appealing red fruit nose and the classic balance of alcohol, acidity and tannin are the hallmarks

* Bordeaux
* Bordeaux Supérieur
* Bordeaux Clairet
* Bordeaux Rosé

2. Medoc & Graves (10)
- Primarily made from Cabernet Sauvignon. These wines are distinguished by blackcurrant aromas, balanced tannin and medium to high acidity

* Graves
* Haut-Médoc
* Listrac-Médoc
* Margaux
* Médoc
* Moulis-en-Médoc
* Pauillac
* Pessac-Léognan
* Saint-Estèphe
* Saint-Julien

3. Cotes de Bordeaux (8)
- The Côtes de Bordeaux vineyards (their name comes from the hillsides along the right bank of the Garonne and the Dordogne Rivers) are spread across Bordeaux, producing mostly Merlot-based wines. The various Côtes appellations of the Bordeaux region are light-to medium-bodied wines with a fine bouquet and color

* Bordeaux Côtes de Francs
* Blaye
* Côtes de Bourg
* Côtes de Castillon
* Graves de Vayres
* Premières Côtes de Blaye
* Premières Côtes de Bordeaux
* Sainte-Foy-Bordeaux

4. St Emilion, Pomerol & Fronsac (10)
- Primarily made from Merlot and Cabernet Franc. These wines are deep in color with structure combined with a distinctive velvety texture. They are medium-to full-bodied and can be enjoyed young or aged to bring out their full complexity

* Canon Fronsac
* Fronsac
* Lalande-de-Pomerol
* Lussac-Saint-Emilion
* Montagne-Saint-Emilion
* Pomerol
* Puisseguin-Saint-Emilion
* Saint-Emilion
* Saint-Emilion Grand Cru
* Saint-Georges-Saint-Emilion

5. Dry White Wines (13)
- Usually made up of Sauvignon Blanc, Sémillon, and Muscadelle. They are vibrant and fresh with loads of natural acidity

* Blaye Côtes de Bordeaux
* Bordeaux & Bordeaux Sec
* Bordeaux Haut-Benauge
* Côtes de Bourg
* Côtes de Bordeaux Saint-Macaire
* Côtes de Bourg
* Entre-Deux-Mers
* Entre-Deux-Mers-Haut-Benauge
* Francs Côtes de Bordeaux (blanc)
* Graves
* Graves de Vayres
* Pessac-Léognan
* Sainte-Foy-Bordeaux (blanc)

6. Sweet White Wines (15)
- Dominant variety is Semillon. They are medium to full-bodied

* Barsac
* Bordeaux
* Bordeaux Supérieur
* Bordeaux-Haut-Benauge
* Cadillac
* Cérons
* Côtes de Bordeaux-Saint-Macaire
* Francs Côtes de Bordeaux
* Graves de Vayres
* Graves Supérieures
* Loupiac
* Premières Côtes de Bordeaux
* Sainte-Croix-du-Mont
* Sainte-Foy-Bordeaux
* Sauternes

To summarize:

1/ Good value red or white from Bordeaux, look for “Bordeaux” or “Bordeaux Supérieur” or "Bordeaux Blanc"

2/ Cabernet Sauvignon, look for a wine from the Médoc or Graves

3/ Merlot, look for a wine from Saint-Emilion, Pomerol or Fronsac

4/ Sauvignon Blanc or Sémillon, look for a wine from Graves or Entre-Deux-Mers; and Bordeaux Blanc

5/ Dry White Wines are usually made up of Sauvignon Blanc, Sémillon, and Muscadelle

6/ Sweet White Wines are typically made from Sémillon grapes grown in Sauternes and Barsac

sources: www.bordeaux.com, www.bordeauxwinebureau.org (1), www.bordeauxwinebureau.org (2)

Hong Kong - Economy is Back On Track

Hong Kong’s seasonally adjusted unemployment rate stood at a provisional 5.4% in June - Aug 2009, same as that in May - July 2009.

On the contrary, Hong Kong’s economy rebounded in the second quarter, benefiting from the faster growth of the Mainland economy and the waning of recessionary forces in the advanced economies.



Following a sharp year-on-year contraction of 7.8% in the first quarter of 2009, real GDP registered a smaller decline of 3.8% in the second quarter.

On a seasonally adjusted quarter-to-quarter comparison, the economy resumed growth at 3.3% in the second quarter, ending the contraction in the previous four quarters.

sources: Hong Kong Economic and Trade Offices (September, 2009); Census and Statistic Department, HKSAR (Q2, 2009)


Google Chrome Frame is an early-stage open source plug-in that seamlessly brings Google Chrome's open web technologies and speedy JavaScript engine to Internet Explorer. With Google Chrome Frame, you can:

1/ Start using open web technologies - like the HTML5 canvas tag - right away, even technologies that aren't yet supported in Internet Explorer 6, 7, or 8.

2/ Take advantage of JavaScript performance improvements to make your apps faster and more responsive.

So how does this work? Basically, it’s just a plug-in that creates a new frame inside of IE that is the Chrome browser. The plug-in itself is lightweight (around 500K or so, I’m told), but then it must download around 10 MB of Chrome-related data to work correctly on a machine. The look will be so seamless that a user shouldn’t realize they’re not simply browsing with their regular old version of IE, albeit a much faster and more compliant one, as told.

download: http://code.google.com/intl/zh-HK/chrome/chromeframe
source: techcrunch.com
When users search on key trademark terms relating to LVMH, rival products and even counterfeits appear.

In 2005, LVMH won a court case in France against the US internet giant, Google of infringing its copyright by selling trademark search terms relating to its products to rivals.



In June last year, Google succeeded in gaining a hearing for an appeal at the European Court of Justice (EJC) over the LVMH court case.

After a four-year legal battle, the appeal has come to an end.

Louis Vuitton Hong Kong Landmark
photo credit: ilvoelv.com

On 22nd September, ECJ advocate general Luis Miguel Poiares Maduro dismissed the claim, "Google has not infringed trademark rights by allowing advertisers to buy keywords corresponding to registered trademarks."

Maduro added that consumers were unlikely to confuse the original brand for a fake while searching on the web.

source: curia.europa.eu (case: C-236/08), guardian.co.uk, marketingmagazine.co.uk

Maurice Lacroix

In 1961, Zurich-based Desco von Schulthess AG acquired an assembly facility in Saignelégier, a town in the Canton of Jura, where it produced private label watches for the national and international market.

In 1975, the company introduced its first watch under the name of Maurice Lacroix, and launched its very first model in Austria. However, the name "Maurice Lacroix" does not refer to an actual person, and it was invented for marketing purposes.

They are one of the few Swiss watch brands that produces its own cases in their own workshops; eventually, up to 300 different parts are carefully hand-assembled by the watchmakers into the individually refined inner workings of a mechanical watch.



In spite of the company's rapid change and growth, one thing has always remained the same: their love of design, perfection, and fine materials.

In the fall of 2001, Maurice Lacroix S.A., previously a division of Desco von Schulthess AG, became an independent company.

In 2006 with the chronograph ML 106 calibre in the Masterpiece Le Chronographe, Maurice Lacroix has started to produce its own complex movement components, and the brand has finally taken its place in the exclusive club of Swiss manufacture brands.



The brand is represented in 3,700 selected specialist shops in more than 60 countries around the globe. Around 150,000 top-quality timepieces leave the Saignelégier facility each year.



Today, Maurice Lacroix is one of the most successful young Swiss watch brands, both nationally and internationally, and is represented in 45 countries all over the world. The company is one of the few independent Swiss watch manufacturers.

sources: dksh, maurice lacroix

What is Tartan?

The word comes from a Latin word, tyrius. It means "cloth" in English.

Tartan is a fabric which is woven with an assortment of stripes in varying widths and colors set at right angles to each other. The distinctive checked pattern of tartan is closely associated with Scotland and Ireland, both of which have been weaving tartan for centuries.

As tartans are relatively easy to weave and also quite striking, most cultures do demonstrate a history of weaving textiles with checked patterns, too.


Burberry Check since 1924
The first use of the Burberry design was said to have been by an Italian luggage manufacturer (John Bain reported that this came from David Doig, a well-known and very knowledgeable man from Scotch House in London). It has become so much part of the Burberry image that it has been trademarked and can now be regarded as a Corporate tartan.



DAKS Check since 1976.


John Emary was a tailor in Mayfair London in 1853, who perfected the manufacture of water proof woollen material. In the same year, he changed the name of his business to Aquascutum (in Latin Aqua = water, Scutum = shield).

HM King Edward VII was Aquascutum's first royal client, ordering an Aquascutum coat in the Prince of Wales check.

In 1897 (some time after Gieves and Hawkes), Aquascutum was granted its first Royal Warrant (a mark of recognition to companies who have regularly supplied goods or services for at least five years to members of the Royal Family).


source: tartanregister.gov.uk, wikipedia
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